Conclusion of a bachelor thesis writing | instructions

The conclusion of a thesis or Master’s thesis is a part of the text, which often causes confusion among students. Obviously, it’s the end of a work. But how to make the final? And there are differences between a bottom line conclusion Summary and Outlook? In this article, you can get answers to these custom papers online questions as well as tips on how to make an optimal conclusion.

What is the content in the conclusion of a thesis?

The bottom line is the last body of an academic work. Roughly one in this introduction , main section and divided Conclusion. Other parts, such as the Outline , directories, and so on, are not parts of the text. The conclusion of a thesis or master thesis includes the main findings of the work. All probably will not fit in the trailer, so you have to carefully select (see Esselborn-Krumbiegel 2002:. 155) and the editing the thesis or master’s thesis once again look closely at whether a red thread is not missing. A plagiarism check are security regarding the correct use of an indirect or direct quote


At the outset it should be noted that this is the conclusion of a thesis or master thesis not a mere summary of the work. This would be too little, but is also the most common error that many people make when writing the upshots. The difference between Conclusion and summary comes later in this article in more detail discussed.

The square is good use

As a rule, that the conclusion of a thesis or Master’s thesis (See Exam notes of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich .) Says – such as the introduction – should make up around five percent of the total work. in most disciplines a thesis consists of 30 pages and Adam Riese, the optimal final part is one and a half pages long.

Unlike the introduction, check the Managers this rule at the conclusion of a dissertation or thesis is not very strict. So if the bottom line is two or two and a half pages, which is not bad (see Esselborn-Krumbiegel 2002. 156f)


Theoretical Theses

Due to the limited length, one should place the self-provided insights in the conclusion of a thesis or master’s thesis in the first place. Depending on the structure of the work – in theory or a practical part – the results are of a different nature. The work consists only of a theoretical part, then you can only work with the literature and the literature make findings or other sources.

With such a thesis or master thesis, the student can not work out very many new things themselves. In this case, one can especially the secondary literature on the question or related research question. And then there was the even. to repeat this performance, that is the combination of literature and research question / hypothesis is in the conclusion succinctly (see Bänsch / Alewell 2013:. 4 to the linguistic resources see the Notes Freiburg University of Education ) .

Practical Theses

The writing of a conclusion for work that included a practical part offer to clearly present their own performance more possibilities. On the one hand one can describe the method that you used to come to the result.

On the other hand, one can reproduce the experiment or the empirical study again. This includes the preparation, execution and analysis of practice. create tables or graphs that reflect the outcome of the main chapters in concise form, are strongly encouraged (see Bänsch / Alewell 2013:. 77)


Courage to self-criticism

The conclusion of a dissertation or thesis is not only – even if it’s smart to operate ostensibly – the self-praise. Another and important part of the tail is the self-criticism. It belongs to an optimal conclusion that it raises the question of what went wrong in the course of work. What could have been done better? Was the method right?

Was the research Asked perhaps too vague, too simple or too complex? These and similar aspects should be questioned and appeal if necessary. Honesty in dealing with the work not only brings advantages to the lecturer, but helps the students and the academic growth process (see Anderman / Drees / Götz 2006. 87).

Differences: Conclusion, conclusion résumé, outlook in the thesis

Similar items around the topic text final stir among students has always been confusion. Here the Enlightenment. If you read that one should an ending (closing) write, this is synonymous with the end of the work. It is simply meant only the last part of the work, and the term circuit does not define content requirements.

Sometimes an investigator requires a summary at the end of work. This rarely happens, but is quite common in some disciplines. Especially in disciplines in which allow the issues little personal contribution. An example of this is study law. Summary means nothing more than abstract (cf. Gruber / Huemer / Rheindorf 2009. 24ff)


The term Conclusion called the final chapter of an academic work. As described above, it is not a mere summary. It contains its own power, it answers the research question and it focuses on the work process critical. Furthermore require auditors frequently that the conclusion looks ahead.

The view, as part of the upshots, address possible further steps. Here one can note which questions were not answered, or which may re-emerged. The point is to build a bridge to a possible following work. It is also conceivable that another student’s work continues at a research question (cf. Gruber / Huemer / Rheindorf 2009. 24ff)


  1. length note simple summary of the literature researched write focus on self-service provided lay assess one’s own work and self-criticism operate the difference between Summary, Summary and Outlook make it clear

tab. 1: to write tips optimal Conclusion

The conclusion of a thesis or Master’s thesis can be seen as a part of the text, in which one presents its own work performed again. Independent preparation of knowledge is the most important aspect of a thesis. If the chance to ask their own performance in perspective. It is important to let the previous main chapters look as productive as possible.

Anderman, Ulrich / Drees, Martin / idol, Frank (2006) : How to write scientific papers ?, 3rd edition, Mannheim


Bänsch, Axel / Alewell, Dorothea (2013) : Scientific Work, 11th ed, Munich


Esselborn-Krumbiegel, Helga (2002) : From idea to text – A guide to scientific writing, Paderborn


Gruber, Helmut / Huemer, Birgit / Rheindorf, Markus (2009) . Academic Research – A Practical Guide for Students, Vienna